It’s been said that nothing is certain but death and taxes and, for some, this is definitely a harsh truth. The “Death Tax” is a nickname often used to refer to the federal estate tax. This is simply a one-time tax that some people have to pay upon their deaths. It is based on the total value of a person’s assets. It includes things like bank accounts, real estate, and stocks. This tax is based on whether or not your total net worth is more than about 11.6 million dollars as of 2020. If your sum is less than that.